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published on March 9, 2016 - 12:34 AM
Written by The Business Journal Staff

(AP) — Federal regulators issued a rare fine Wednesday to the nation’s largest agricultural water district for misleading bond investors about the district’s financial circumstances.


Thomas Birmingham, general manager of Central California’s Westlands Water District, joked about carrying out “a little Enron accounting” to overstate the public agency’s revenue for the sake of a $77 million bond issue in 2012, the Securities and Exchange Commission said in announcing the fine.

The California water district agreed to pay $125,000 in fines, marking only the second time that the SEC has issued a financial penalty against a municipal-bond issuer, regulators said in a statement.

Birmingham and a former water district official agreed to pay additional penalties totaling another $70,000.

On Thursday, following the announcement of the SEC action, Westlands released a statement that read, in part:

“Under the terms of the settlement, Westlands, Birmingham, and Ciapponi neither admit nor deny Commission’s allegations or the findings contained in the order approving the settlement and will pay penalties of $125,000, $50,000, and $20,000, respectively. Westlands, Birmingham, and Ciapponi determined that entering into the settlement to fully resolve the matter was in the District’s best interest.”

The statement concluded: “According to the order approving the settlement, in determining to accept the settlement, the Commission considered Westlands, Birmingham, and Ciapponi cooperation during its investigation of this matter and their prompt remedial actions, which included the development of written financial disclosures policies and staff training related to Westlands’ debt offerings.”

At the time of the incident, Westlands executives were expecting water scarcity and drought to cut into the district’s revenue, potentially making the water agency’s bond issue less attractive to investors, regulators said.

Rather than raise water rates for its customers, however, Westlands used an

improper accounting technique to make the agency look more prosperous than it really was, the SEC said.

The water district’s actions “left investors in the dark about Westlands Water District’s true financial condition,” Andrew J. Ceresney, director of the SEC’s enforcement division, said in the statement.

In its own statement Wednesday, Westlands said it had been following the advice of independent auditors.

Under the settlement with the SEC, neither Westlands nor the two executives acknowledged innocence or guilt, the water district said.

Westlands supplies irrigation water to 700 farms growing everything from almonds to tomatoes in 1,000 square miles of the San Joaquin Valley, which leads the nation in producing fruits, vegetables and nuts.

Westlands also is currently slated as one of the possible main participants, at $3 billion, in a $15.7 billion plan promoted by Gov. Jerry Brown to build two, 35-mile-long tunnels to carry more water to Central and Southern California. No water agency has yet formally committed funding for the giant tunnels, however.

Birmingham, the general manager, declined comment Wednesday on whether the SEC action would affect any effort to arrange financing for the proposed tunnels project.

Potential lenders will look hard at the incident in setting interest rates for Westlands, the next time the water district tries to raise money with a bond issue, said Chicago attorney James Spiotto, who specializes in laws related to municipal finance. Spiotto said the penalties didn’t strike him as unusually high.

-The Business Journal contributed to this story.


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